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Glorious Butterfly

Preferred Hosts for Larvae (Caterpillars) of Butterflies

By Dr. Charles Allen native@camtel.net

Host Plant

Butterfly Species

Pawpaw

Zebra Swallowtail

Sassafras

Palamedes (Laurel) Swallowtail & Spicebush Swallowtail

Red Bay

Palamedes (Laurel) Swallowtail

White Bay

Palamedes (Laurel) Swallowtail

Spicebush

Spicebush Swallowtail

Citrus, Hopwafer, Toothache Tree, & Trifoliate Orange

Giant Swallowtail

Hibiscus

Checkered Skipper & Gray Hairstreak

Maypops

Gulf Fritillary & Variegated Fritillary

Pipevine

Pipevine Swallowtail

Legumes (Clover, Partridge Pea, etc.)

Tailed Blue, Sulphurs, Sleepy Orange, Gray Hairstreak, Silver Spotted Skipper, Long Tailed Skipper & Funeral Skipper

Parsley, Dill, Fennel, & Queen Anne's Lace

Eastern Black Swallowtail

Thistle

American Painted Lady, Painted Lady, Question Mark, & Red Admiral

Milkweeds*

Monarch & Queen

Indian Grass

Georgia Satyr

Monarda*

Gray Hairstreak

Pycnanthemum*

Gray Hairstreak

Oak

Dusky Wings & Gray Hairstreak

Willow

Viceroy, Tiger Swallowtail, & Red Spotted Purple

Cherry

Viceroy & Red Spotted Purple

Elm

Question Mark

Plaintain

Buckeye

Purple False Foxglove (Agalinis)

Buckeye

Aster

Pearl Crescent

Mustard family (cabbage, broccoli, collards, peppergrass)

Checkered Whit

(* = also a larval host)


Some excellent hosts for adult butterflies (nectar/non-specific)

Herbaceous:

(Species)

(Common Name)

Achillea millefolium

Yarrow

Pycnanthemum spp.

Mountain Mint*

Asclepis tuberosa

Butterfly Weed*

Soldago spp.

Goldenrod

Asclepias curassavica

Mexican Milkweeds*

Stachytarpheta urticifolia

Porter Weed

Cirsium spp.

Thistle*

Thunbergia alata

Climbing Black eyed Susan

Coreopsis spp.

Tickseed

Trifolium pratense

Red Clover*

Cosmos spp.

Cosmos

Verbena

Verbena/Vervain
(Homestead Purple and Verbena bonariensis)

Echinacea purpurea

Purple Coneflower

Eupatorium fistulosum, purpureum

Joe Pye Weed Zinnia spp.

Gaillardia spp.

Indian Blanket

Shrubs:

(Species)

(Common Name)

Gomphrena globosa

Globe Amaranth

Abelia chinensis

Chinese Abelia

Ipomoea quamoclit

Cypress Vine

Buddleia X davidii

Royal Purple Butterfly Bush

Liatris spp.

Blazing Stars

Ceanothus americana

New Jersey Tea

Monarda spp.

Bee Balm*

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Button Bush

Pentas lanceolata

Penta

Malvaviscus arboreus

Turk’s Cap

Phlox spp.

Phlox

Vitex agnus-castus

Chaste Tree Lantana

(* = also a larval host)

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